Nature encompasses natural water bodies such as rivers, lakes, estuaries, and man-made dams or ponds. It includes the flora, fauna, and ecological processes within these environments. However, these ecosystems are vulnerable to global warming and human activities.
Agricultural practices, driven by the need for increased productivity, contribute to water pollution. Runoff from farms carries nutrients used in farming into waterways, creating favourable conditions for the growth of waterborne plants and fauna. This excessive enrichment disrupts the natural balance of water bodies and can lead to severe consequences.
Tourism in the context of water and water quality refers to travel and recreational activities undertaken by people visiting natural water bodies for leisure, enjoyment, and exploration. It involves activities such as swimming, snorkelling, diving, boating, fishing, and sightseeing in or around water environments. Tourism can be both domestic and international, and it often plays a significant role in the local economies of regions with water-based attractions.
For tourism, water quality is essential because visitors often engage in activities that require contact with water. Clean and clear waters are more appealing to tourists, attracting more visitors and supporting local economies. Poor water quality, on the other hand, can have adverse effects on tourism, leading to a decline in visitor numbers, negative impacts on local businesses, and potential harm to public health.
Water quality is an important consideration for both nature and tourism. Maintaining good water quality is crucial for the health and sustainability of aquatic ecosystems, as well as for the well-being of the organisms that inhabit these environments. Clean and healthy water bodies provide a better habitat for aquatic life and contribute to the overall ecological balance.